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About Iran

 

 

 

 

 Official name

 Islamic Republic of Iran 

 Head of State

 President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani

 National Day

 11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)

 Capital

  Tehran

 Area

 1,648,196 sq km

 Land boundaries  4,137 km
 Sea boundaries  2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
 River boundaries  1,918 km
 Border countries  Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
 Climate

 Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.

 Natural resources  Petroleum,  natural  gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur 
 Land use (1998):  
 Arable land  300,000 sq. Km                  18.2%
 Meadows and pastures  900,000 sq. Km                   54.6%
 Forest and woodland  120,000 sq. Km                     7.3%
 Other  258,000 sq. Km                   15.7%
 Irrigated land  70,000 sq. Km                       4.2%     
Agricultural products  Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts,  poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.
 Population 79.109.272 million (2015)
 Population growth rate  1.2% (2015)
 Religions

 

Muslim                                              99.56%

Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish              0.44%

Languages   Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
Literacy (2011)  Total      84.2%
 Currency Rial (IRR)
GDP   425.3 billion US$ (2015)
GDP per capita 5516 US$ (2015)
 GDP growth rate 4.3 % (2015)
 Total Imports 41.800  million US $ (2015) 
 Total Exports 63.100 million US $ (2015)
Foreign Direct Investment   2.050 million US $ (2015)
 Industries Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies 
Electricity  Production: 329.7 bilion kwh  (2015) 
 Transportation:  
 Railways networks  8.442 km - Rank 24 (2015) in the world
 Road networks  198.866km - Rank 26(2015) in the world
 Ports  11 commercial ports
 Airports  54

 

Ministry of foreign affairs,
Islamic Republic of IRAN,
All Rights Reserved - 2014